Specific Absorption Rate Test (SAR) Where Only Thermal Levels Are Monitored

Inadequate testing of Wi-Fi radiation

The commissioning bodies that determine the safety levels for mobile phone radiation levels use, as their guide, specific absorption levels (SAR). SAR testing uses standardized models of the human head and body that are filled with liquids which simulate the RF absorption characteristics of different human tissues. In order to determine compliance, each cell phone is tested while operating at its highest power level in all the frequency bands in which it operates, and in various specific positions against the dummy head and body, to simulate the way different users’ typically hold a cell phone, including to each side of the head. To test cell phones for SAR compliance, the phone is precisely placed in various common positions next to the head and body, and a robotic probe takes a series of measurements of the electric field at specific pinpoint locations in a very precise, grid-like pattern within the dummy head and torso. All data for each phone placement are submitted as a part of the equipment approval test report for final authorization.

In the USA, the FCC (Federal Communications Committee) determined the current SAR level for mobile phones to be 1.6W/kg averaged over a volume of 1g of tissue for the head. In the UK, the limit is 2W/kg averaged over a volume of 10g of tissue. The accepted power ratings for mobile phones have been scientifically shown to have no effect, but only via direct heating effects, on biological tissue at the absorption rates determined by the artificial heads. However, it is obvious that real biological tissue is far more complex in terms of structure and composition than any artificial head that could ever be used to model the effects of mobile phone signals. The problem lies in the fact that the commissioning bodies do not seem to recognise this. Therefore the large amount of scientific literature demonstrating adverse effects of mobile phone radiation on real biological structures and human health, due to effects other than direct heating, is effectively ignored by the various commissioning entities and telecom industries.

The Increasing and Cumulative Effects of Exposure

During recent years over 230 scientists from more than 40 countries have expressed serious concerns over the effects of commercial microwave band electromagnetic fields (EMF, Wi-Fi etc) on human health, (particularly children or the very young) via the EMF Scientist Appeal. This has prompted scientists to recommend a temporary ban on the roll-out of 5G technology until its effects on human health (and the environment, including animals and insects) have been fully evaluated independently of the telecom industry. Below is a summary of the serious and potentially cumulative and irreversible effects on human health:

There is a huge independent scientific literature database providing a high level of certainty for each of eight pathophysiological effects caused by non-thermal microwave frequency EMF exposure. This is shown in separate reviews for each effect which can be found in scientific articles by Prof. Martin Pall: 

Wi-Fi is an important threat to human health

5G EMF Hazards, Dr Martin Pall

Lowered Fertility (18 reviews)

Changes in structure of testis, ovaries, decreased sperm count, quality, decreased number of follicles (eggs), increase in spontaneous abortion, decreased levels of three sex hormones, decreased libido.

Neurological/neuropsychiatric effects (25 reviews)

Insomnia, fatigue, depression, headache, lack of concentration/cognitive dysfunction, anxiety/stress agitation, memory dysfunction. Major changes in brain structure seen in animals.

Cellular DNA damage, 3 types (21 reviews)

Single and double stranded DNA breaks, oxidised DNA. DNA damage leads to germ line mutations and cancer.

Apoptosis/programmed cell death (13 reviews)

Apoptosis and programmed cell death are natural processes that normally remove damaged cells ‘past their use-by date’. However, EMFs disrupt these processes which lead to both reproductive and neurodegenerative effects.

Oxidative damage/free radical damage (19 reviews)

EMFs lead to an increase in free radicals. Free radicals are highly reactive chemicals produced as a result of normal metabolic processes within the cell. Normally they are short-lived, but increased amounts result in increased oxidative damage to DNA and other constituents of the cell, resulting in higher cancer risk.

Endocrine (hormonal) effects (12 reviews)

Both steroidal and non-steroidal hormone systems affected; in some cases this can cause both increases and decreases in hormonal activity in different conditions.

Cancer (35 reviews)

EMFs have been linked to increased initiation of carcinogenesis, tumour production and progression and increased tissue invasion and metastasis. In 2011 the World Health Organisation (WHO) classified mobile phone radiation as a class 2B ‘possible carcinogen’ after advice from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), along with advice to ban children from using mobile phones. However, based on several studies, researchers have called for the classification to be upgraded to ‘probable carcinogen’ (Group 2A) or ‘carcinogenic to humans’ (Group 1): 

* Professor Emeritus Anthony Miller, an expert cancer researcher and advisor to the World Health Organization International Agency for Research on Cancer (WHO/IARC) says, ’The evidence indicating wireless is carcinogenic has increased and can no longer be ignored.’ His opinion includes recent scientific publications which include the 2017 re-analysis of data from the Interphone study, the 2014 French National CERENAT Study, several new publications on Swedish cancer data, and the 2016 results of the National Toxicology Program.

* Dr. Lennart Hardell and Michael Carlberg have published several epidemiological studies that found increased brain cancer associated with long-term cell phone use and conclude that “RF radiation should be regarded as a human carcinogen causing glioma.” A review of epidemiological studies by Hardell and Carlsberg (Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014) shows persons diagnosed with brain cancer had decreased survival rates associated with higher wireless phone use. The abstract states: Due to the relationship with survival the classification of IARC is strengthened and RF-EMF should be regarded as a human carcinogen requiring urgent revision of current exposure guidelines.

* A December 2018 review in The Lancet of the existing 2,000+ peer-reviewed studies on the impact of wireless technology on human and animal systems revealed that 68.2% find significant biological effects. The Lancet review concludes: “This weight of scientific evidence refutes the prominent claim that the deployment of wireless technologies poses no health risks at the currently permitted non-thermal radio-frequency exposure levels.”

Excessive intracellular Ca2+ (15 reviews)

Calcium is an important ‘signalling’ molecule for the cell, controlling many types of cellular responses and effects. Any disruption in calcium uptake, such as a massive influx of calcium ions can have a number of severe downstream physiological effects. Normally, calcium influx into the cell is strictly regulated via 'voltage-gated calcium channels' (VGCCs). The VGCCs are themselves controlled by a voltage sensor and it is the effect of EMFs on the voltage sensor and therefore calcium influx that is proposed to play a primary role in causing many of the health effects outlined above - see  Prof. Martin Pall's recent review for more information on the mechanism behind the effects: 'Wi-Fi is an important threat to human health'.

Cumulative effects

Five of the above effects are cumulative and as they become more severe, irreversible. Cumulative effects means repeated exposures to the same intensity and type of EMF results in increasingly severe effects. These are:-

1. Reproductive effects.

2. Neurological/neuropsychiatric effects.

3. Germ line mutations caused by DNA damage.

4. Cardiac effects.

5. Alzheimer and other dementias.

Other probable effects with less evidence than the overwhelming evidence shown above include:-

Cardiac effects via electrical control of the heart

EMF driven calcium channel disruption can cause instantaneous tachycardia, chronic exposure often causes bradycardia, both cause arrhythmia, also heart palpitations.

Synergistic effects

Lab experiments in the past have typically used only one stressor (the EMF), and were performed under pristine conditions. In reality, humans are exposed to multiple toxic stimuli, in parallel and/or over time. In about 5% of studies, a second stressor (usually a biological or chemical toxic stimulus) was added to the radiation stressor to ascertain whether additive, synergistic, potentiative, or antagonistic effects were generated by the combination. Combination experiments are very important because it is well known that when multiple toxic stimuli are added in combination, the synergies tends to enhance the adverse effects of each stimulus in isolation. For those combinations that did include wireless radiation, much lower levels of tolerance were observed compared to each toxic stimulus in isolation.

 

Electrohypersensitivity as a Newly Identified and Characterized Neurologic Pathological Disorder: How to Diagnose, Treat, and Prevent It

A timely study on electrosensitivity by Dominique Belpomme and Philippe Irigaray from the International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 

"Since 2009, we built up a database which presently includes more than 2000 electrohypersensitivity (EHS) and/or multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) self-reported cases. This database shows that EHS is associated in 30% of the cases with MCS, and that MCS precedes the occurrence of EHS in 37% of these EHS/MCS-associated cases. EHS and MCS can be characterized clinically by a similar symptomatic picture, and biologically by low-grade inflammation and an autoimmune response involving autoantibodies against O-myelin. Moreover, 80% of the patients with EHS present with one, two, or three detectable oxidative stress biomarkers in their peripheral blood, meaning that overall these patients present with a true objective somatic disorder. Moreover, by using ultrasonic cerebral tomosphygmography and transcranial Doppler ultrasonography, we showed that cases have a defect in the middle cerebral artery hemodynamics, and we localized a tissue pulsometric index deficiency in the capsulo-thalamic area of the temporal lobes, suggesting the involvement of the limbic system and the thalamus. Altogether, these data strongly suggest that EHS is a neurologic pathological disorder which can be diagnosed, treated, and prevented. Because EHS is becoming a new insidious worldwide plague involving millions of people, we ask the World Health Organization (WHO) to include EHS as a neurologic disorder in the international classification of diseases."

The full review can be found below:

https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/21/6/1915/htm

Figure 1. Examples of skin lesions observed on the hand of an EHS-bearing patient (A) and of an EHS/MCS-bearing patient (B). (Photographs are issued from the database).